CBD is rising in popularity due to its versatility and wellness benefits. This article will help you understand how CBD is made. What do you need to know about processing CBD products, like CBD oil?
What Is CBD?
First of all, it is important to understand that CBD (also called cannabidiol) is a chemical compound found in hemp. CBD is one of the most researched of the 85+ chemicals compounds (called cannabinoids) found in these plants. CBD has far-reaching potential for wellness and health benefits. It is safe, non-addictive, legal, and doesn’t have any psychoactive qualities (doesn’t get you high).
How Is Hemp-Derived CBD Different From other plant-derived versions of CBD?
The best place to start is to understand the differences of plant strains that CBD can be derived from. CBD can come from low THC plants (hemp) or a strain of plants that has higher levels of THC.
- Hemp plants are federally legal and considered an agricultural product. It has less than 0.3% THC (the chemical responsible for the high) and up to 40% CBD.
- Any plant with greater than 0.3% THC is federally illegal and considered a controlled substance. Many federally illegal recreational strains of plants have 15-35% THC and less CBD.
Hemp is more widely used for CBD because it is fully legal and has a higher level of CBD in the plant. For that reason, we will discuss how CBD is made from hemp plants in this article.
How Is Hemp Grown?
The process for growing a CBD-rich hemp plant starts with the seed. Farmers will work with scientists and genealogists to get a hemp strain with the most effective chemical ratio and compliant to the less than 0.3% THC threshold.
Hemp can be grown in natural sunlight or in a greenhouse environment. As an annual plant, it’s averse to high mountain areas and extreme desert conditions. The plant will do well in warm weather conditions, with excellent soil conditions. One of the best places to grow hemp is in Kentucky, which is expected to grow 10,000+ acres in 2019. Daddy Burt’s hemp has a long history being grown in the natural sunshine of Kentucky, dating back over 100 years.
Daddy Burt’s Hemp Growing Video Series
How Is Hemp Harvested?
Several types of equipment are useful for harvesting hemp, especially if it’s grown on an industrial scale. It’s not uncommon for a combine harvester to be used to cut the hemp plant at the base then chop the stalks into workable lengths of less than 3ft.
The drying of the hemp plant after harvest is crucial¹. It is one of the key factors determining the quality of the CBD produced. Drying the hemp quickly and sealing the product is important so that it does not get contaminated. If the hemp crop becomes wet, dries inadequately, or seals improperly it can allow contamination and mold to set in. In many circumstances, contamination will leave the entire crop unsuitable for chemical extraction.
Extracting & Processing CBD
There are numerous methods to extract CBD. The most popular methods use some type of solvents such as oil, CO2, or ethanol.
The most effective method for CBD extraction is CO2 extraction. This process distills the purest CBD chemical product. In a simple explanation, the extraction tank has multiple chambers and pressurized CO2 gas rises to the top. The chemical extracts are filtered and passed through the tank. The process can get more elaborate if CBD is needed to be isolated from other cannabinoid chemicals (full-spectrum).
Daddy Burt products undergo additional steps of proprietary processing, extracting, and filtering to deliver you high-quality products.
Full Spectrum CBD vs Isolate
When extracting, it is possible to have a substance that includes CBD and trace amounts of other cannabinoids (full spectrum) or to get a purer CBD isolate (99.9% CBD).
To capture the highest levels of cannabinoids, the full spectrum isn’t stripped of any chemical or cannabinoid content. These other cannabinoids have been shown to have wellness benefits and include THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin), CBG (Cannabigerol), Cannabicyclol (CBL), and CBN (Cannabinol) among others. It is important to note that full spectrum CBD contains trace amounts of THC.
A CBD isolate features a highly purified CBD (99.9% pure). All other components, compounds, and chemicals are removed.
If you want an easy way to remember the difference, CBD isolate is Iron Man without the other Avengers (full spectrum).
How is CBD added to products?
Before infusing CBD into any product, the chemical should be lab tested for purity and accuracy. This is particularly important for commercial products.
For CBD oil, once the CBD (full spectrum or isolate) has been tested for purity, it is then mixed with a ‘carrier oil’. The carrier oil is just an additional oil that the CBD dissolves in, making it easier to take the product and measure accurate quantities. The most common carrier oils for CBD oil are MCT or hemp seed oil.
CBD oil is the most popular form of CBD products, but it can also be infused into creams, lotions, vape oil, pre-made edibles, drinks, or capsules and tablets.
Daddy Burt Hemp Co. prides itself on the quality of its products. Every batch of our product is tested by third-party laboratories to ensure the accuracy of our CBD products.