5 minute read

What Is Hemp?

5 minute read

Hemp is an extremely versatile plant. It has been used throughout history to produce food, ropes, paper, homeopathic medicine, and even fuel. The plant’s benefits make it one of the most diverse and useful crops on the planet.

Although hemp has virtually none (less than 0.3%) of the chemical that gets you high: tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). In the United States during the 1970s, from a legal perspective, hemp was outlawed by the federal government. Thankfully, the United States has been working over the last few years to reclassify hemp as an agricultural product due to the extremely low THC content. Hemp was reclassified as an agricultural crop and differentiated from other high THC plants by the passing of the 2018 Farm Bill¹.

 

 

Differences between hemp and high thc plants

Given the legal status of the hemp plant across the western world, it is important to talk about what sets the plants apart. Hemp plants produce over 85 organic chemicals called cannabinoids. The ratios of the cannabinoids, including CBD and THC, are the main differentiator of the plants. The 2018 Farm Bill officially separated hemp from illegal plants by defining hemp as a plant with less than 0.3% THC. Anything over that amount of THC is still federally illegal. 

Chemical structures of CBD & THC cannabinoidsHemp is bred to have negligible amounts of THC. High THC plants can have 100 times more THC. By comparison, some strains of plants can be 30% THC, whereas hemp is less than 0.3% THC. 

Hemp is rich in a different chemical, cannabidiol, also known as CBD. In recent years, CBD has become popular for its therapeutic uses for health and wellness. CBD accounts for up to 40% of the cannabinoids in hemp and has no psychoactive qualities.

The most common cannabinoids are:

  • Cannabidiol (CBD)
  • Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)
  • Cannabidiolic Acid (CBDA)
  • Cannabinol (CBN)
  • Cannabigerol (CBG)
  • Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid (THCA)
  • Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)

How to extract cannabinoids

CBD can be found throughout the plant stalk, node, fan leaf, and flowers, with the highest concentration in the roughage of the plant. There are various methods for extracting cannabinoids from the plant. Two of the most common methods of extraction are using ethanol or CO2.

Ethanol Extraction: High-grade grain alcohol can be used to extract cannabinoids. However, ethanol is a powerful solvent which typically dissolves many unwanted compounds too. As such, ethanol extraction requires additional filtration to isolate CBD or individual cannabinoids.

CO2 Extraction: CO2 extraction uses carbon dioxide pressurized to extremely low temperatures. This process is more efficient at separating CBD and the other full spectrum of cannabinoids.

At the end of this process, the hemp extract can be further separated

Structure of the plant & how hemp is grown

Mature grown cannabis plant with buds and leavesThe hemp plant is a broadleaf plant with a tap root system. It has fibrous stalks, large fan leaves, nutrient-rich seeds, and dense flower bud clusters. Hemp plants are typically taller, growing up to 20ft tall.

Hemp is a relatively easy crop to grow². The plants generally require around 100 days to reach maturity with 10-12 inches of rainfall. While it is possible to grow in a greenhouse, large acre plots of land are more suitable for growing.

Daddy Burt Products

While many people think that Hemp Oil and CBD Oil are the same things, they are not. There is one crucial distinction that sets them apart. CBD oil is focused on the CBD concentration for health and wellness benefits. Hemp oil is derived from only the seeds. By coming from the seeds, it contains negligible traces of CBD and other cannabinoids but has high nutritional value. 

Hemp seeds are another fantastic method of obtaining the nutritional benefits. These tiny seeds are a superfood. They are rich in protein, fiber, and essential fatty acids such as Omegas, but contain no THC or CBD.

Written by:

Alex Zorniger

Alex is an employee at Daddy Burt Hemp Co. He studied nutrition, the environment, and entrepreneurship at Tufts University before joining the Daddy Burt team as the director of business development. While working at Daddy Burt Hemp Co. Alex is also pursuing his MBA at the Fisher School of Business (Ohio State University). Alex has a passion for helping people learn about the constantly evolving Hemp industry.Alex has been featured in articles published on Forbes.com and the Cannabis Business Times.

Reviewed by:

Bob Estes

Bob is the founder and CEO of Daddy Burt Hemp Co. Bob has quickly become an authority and expert in the hemp & CBD industry. He originally developed an interest in science and engineering and received a degree in Industrial Engineering, which led him to a career in the nation’s space program. Bob worked for several aerospace companies supporting the space launch for NASA and the Department of Defense. Since Hemp farming has been revitalized in America over the last decade, his family legacy has called to him. Daddy Burt Hemp Co. is the rekindling of Bob's family's hemp farming legacy, dating back to the early 1800s.Bob has been profiled by Smiley Pete Publishing and has been featured in articles about CBD/Hemp on Forbes.com, Kentucky.com, MiamiHerald.com, NewsObserver.com and many more.

Sign up for our newsletter:

Subscribe for Daddy Burt’s newsletter for alerts on future deals & announcements.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

further reading

Mar. 1st, 2019

Differences in Hemp oil & CBD Oil

The CBD industry has grown with significant interest in natural wellness products. As a trending topic, people are frequently talking about buying CBD oil, Hemp Oil and Hemp Seed Oil. This article will clarify the difference to help you choose the product best suited for your needs. Hemp Oil vs. CBD Oil CBD oil and […]

SEE MORE

Mar. 26th, 2019

MCT Oil, Hempseed Oil and CBD Oil

When researching CBD Oil, the variety of oils that companies offer can make it confusing. Some sites mention hemp oil, hempseed oil, coconut oil, MCT oil, among many others. So, how do you know what you are looking for when you are buying CBD oil? It is important to start from the very beginning to […]

SEE MORE

Apr. 23rd, 2019

Glossary & Common Term Definitions

If you are new to CBD there may be a few terms throughout our website that are confusing or that you are not familiar with. We have added some of the more specific or detailed terms to this glossary page for a quick reference so that you can look up a specific word or phrase. […]

SEE MORE

Mar. 1st, 2019

Making & Processing CBD

CBD is rising in popularity due to its versatility and wellness benefits. This article will help you understand how CBD is made. What do you need to know about processing CBD products, like CBD oil? What Is CBD? First of all, it is important to understand that CBD (also called cannabidiol) is a chemical compound […]

SEE MORE

Feb. 26th, 2019

How To Take CBD

The variety of options for taking CBD can be confusing. To help figure out the best way for you, we’ve put together a helpful guide. This guide covers important topics that will be valuable for new and experienced CBD users.

SEE MORE

Aug. 18th, 2019

What Is Full Spectrum CBD?

You may have heard about the different forms of CBD: full spectrum, isolate, and broad spectrum. But, which is the best? Full spectrum, isolate, and broad spectrum all have unique qualities and beneficial effects for health and wellness. This article will help us to understand the differences of these different types of CBD (cannabidiol) to […]

SEE MORE

Mar. 1st, 2019

CBD Isolate

CBD Isolate – Everything You Need To Know There is a bit of a learning curve to fully understand CBD, as with any new health and wellness product. For starters, it is important to note that all CBD is not created equal. There are two major types of CBD, isolate and full spectrum, with significant […]

SEE MORE

CBD & THC

CBD vs. THC – Important Differences Cannabinoids are a group of naturally occurring chemical compounds in hemp plants. Of the 80+ known cannabinoids, two are important to highlight: Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and Cannabidiol (CBD). THC and CBD are of special interest because each chemical has the potential to provide individuals with significant bodily effects. THC and […]

SEE MORE

Jun. 27th, 2019

Where To Buy CBD

Where can I buy CBD near me? How do I differentiate between high-quality and low-quality products? What should I look for before making a purchase? This article is designed to answer all of your questions about where to buy CBD and what you need to know to purchase high-quality and effective CBD products.

SEE MORE

Mar. 25th, 2019

How Does CBD Work In The Body?

Cannabidiol – more commonly known as CBD – has become popular as more and more people are trying it for potential wellness benefits. In this article, we will highlight the major ways CBD interacts with the body and brain and how it can be beneficial for your overall well-being.   Basics of how CBD works […]

SEE MORE