11 minute read

What Is Full Spectrum CBD?

11 minute read

You may have heard about the different forms of CBD: full spectrum, isolate, and broad spectrum. But, which is the best? Full spectrum, isolate, and broad spectrum all have unique qualities and beneficial effects for health and wellness. This article will help us to understand the differences of these different types of CBD (cannabidiol) to help you choose the best one for you.

  • What is full spectrum CBD?
  • How is full spectrum different than isolate?
  • The entourage effect: How full spectrum is greater than the sum of its parts
  • Is full spectrum CBD oil better than CBD isolate?
  • What about broad spectrum?
  • Final thoughts on CBD full spectrum vs. isolate vs. broad spectrum
  • New published research for cannabinoid combinations
Daddy Burt 750mg CBD oil bottle in a laboratory with a scientist in the background

 

What Is Full Spectrum?

Full spectrum CBD can also be called whole-plant hemp extract, because it includes all of the compounds from the hemp plant, including cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, proteins, and vitamins.

The health and wellness benefits of full spectrum are largely attributed to the 85+ cannabinoids. CBD is the highest concentrated cannabinoid in hemp and is being extensively studied for its medicinal potential. Full spectrum CBD products are designed to have this high amount of CBD plus all the other naturally occurring cannabinoids from the hemp plant. 

That means when extracting full spectrum hemp, the product is going to contain trace amounts of all the plant’s cannabinoids, including THC. This provides the full benefit of cannabis, a plant that has been used medicinally for thousands of years.  

Note: Hemp is a type of cannabis plant. It is distinct from marijuana because of the different amounts of cannabinoids, specifically the ratio of THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol). THC is the psychoactive part of marijuana that causes the ‘high’ and intoxicating effects. CBD is not psychoactive and has no ‘high’. In order for a plant to be considered hemp, it must contain less than 0.3% THC (recreational marijuana typically contains 15-35% THC). Hemp and products made from hemp with less than 0.3% THC are fully legal to buy and use in the United States.

How Is Full Spectrum Different Than Isolate?

As scientists have started to identify the benefits of cannabis, they want to understand why. They want to know what chemicals from the plant cause the human body to react in specific ways. In order to do this, they have isolated, or singled out specific cannabinoids to study. CBD isolate and THC isolate have received the most research as they are the highest concentration in hemp and marijuana plants.

By isolating CBD, scientists are able to test the effects of the single chemical without other chemicals from the plant affecting the results. With 11,800+ studies published (1), CBD is showing promising effects for over 100 conditions. The evidence shows that CBD has the potential to help with seizures, mood, pain, anxiety, inflammation, skin, sleep, and more.

CBD and THC are the clear cannabinoid celebrities, but they aren’t the only cannabinoids. There are other important ones with various health benefits including:

  • Cannabigerol (CBG)
  • Cannabinol (CBN)
  • Cannabichromene (CBC)
  • Cannabidiolic acid (CBDA)
  • Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)

Given that CBD and THC have both shown to have great medicinal value, scientists have expanded their research to start study the other cannabinoids like CBG, CBN, CBDA, and more. These are showing early results as isolates. See the illustration below to see the health and wellness benefits attributed to some of the different cannabinoids in full spectrum CBD.

 

The entourage effect: How full spectrum is greater than the sum of its parts

An interesting thing happens when all the cannabinoids are combined, called the entourage effect. The main idea of the entourage effect is that the combination of cannabinoids in full spectrum is more effective than the individual cannabinoids.

Teamwork is the key to the overall entourage effect. When we combine the cannabinoids, we get a multiplying effect rather than the sum of each part. When addressing complex health conditions there are often multiple ways to get to the best outcome.

An easy way to think of the entourage effect is to imagine that CBD is a rock star, and the other components are the band members. Despite the talent of the rock star, the entourage effect of a band can increase the full range and potential options.

Another benefit of full spectrum hemp extracts is that some of the other nutritional parts like terpenes and proteins can help improve how the body absorbs the cannabinoids. According to research (2), some of the terpenes in cannabis extracts are so effective at absorbing into the skin that they are used to improve the delivery of some medicinal topical creams.

Is Full Spectrum CBD Oil Better Than CBD Isolate?

Yes and no, it depends on the desired effects of CBD. Cannabinoids impact receptors throughout the whole body and brain causing many beneficial effects. In fact, humans have a natural endocannabinoid system which creates and responds to cannabinoids.

Isolate CBD primarily regulates receptors instead of binding to them,. This allows it to play a role in 65+ chemical and signaling pathways. When you combine that with the effects of all of the other cannabinoids you have hundreds of different ways of getting to a beneficial outcome. (Even if the research into how the other cannabinoids impact the body is lagging behind)

While the sum of the full spectrum is often beneficial, the effects of cannabinoids in combinations are less studied than isolates. But, research (3) is starting to show that the effects of an isolate can be changed by other cannabinoids. The entourage effect can enhance some effects of CBD but also potentially limit or counteract the effects of CBD and other cannabinoids. 

Research (4) shows that THC can cause some individuals to feel anxious, but when paired with CBD the individuals’ overall anxiety is reduced. Another example is nausea. According to one preclinical animal study (5), CBG can actually prevent CBD’s nausea reducing effect. Therefore, if you are using CBD for a specific desired effect (like reducing anxiety or reducing nausea) then CBD isolate may be a better option.

Note: One thing that should be factored into your decision is your viewpoint on THC and whether you are drug tested regularly. Most drug tests will test for THC , not CBD. In which case, isolate CBD is the best way to go.

What about broad spectrum?

THC is a psychoactive chemical, meaning that it causes intoxication or a ‘high’ when used in higher doses. Some people want to avoid this chemical or have personal reservations about THC. As a result, people began developing broad spectrum CBD options which are supposed to have all the benefits of full spectrum without any THC. (It is important to note that even in full spectrum products the 0.3% THC is not enough to make your feel high)

I say supposed to, because, well… most broad spectrum products still contain THC when tested by independent labs. This is because a true broad-spectrum product is difficult to make and process. When making an isolate, you are extracting a single chemical and the process can leave some excess CBD from the initial pre-extracted solution (because you don’t need the post-extracted solution, only the isolated CBD). With broad-spectrum the opposite is true, you need to extract all of the THC from the pre-extracted solution (because you only need the post-extracted solution and not the THC). If you don’t have exact processing techniques you can leave some THC still in the post-extraction solution. This means you actually have just a bad full-spectrum product rather than a true broad-spectrum product.

The US Hemp Authority is an independent certification for the hemp industry that verifies product quality and manufacturing safety and they have not certified any broad spectrum products. Daddy Burt Hemp Co. is one of 22 companies certified by the US Hemp Authrity. We do not offer any broad spectrum products, but we do have high-quality isolate and full spectrum CBD products.

Two scientists talking about CBD

 

Final Thoughts on CBD Full Spectrum vs. Isolate vs. Broad Spectrum

In conclusion, modern medicine’s isolation of specific cannabinoids has led to a better understanding of the many effects of cannabinoids. Full spectrum CBD contains other cannabinoids, not just CBD. CBD isolate, on the other hand, is a pure form of CBD and is considered to be THC free. Broad-spectrum is supposed to be like full spectrum, just without the THC.

Generally, full spectrum CBD provides a wider range of benefits for health and wellness due to all of the unique cannabinoids and the entourage effect. When using CBD for a specific benefit, an isolate can be more effective because the isolate is not blocked by the potentially limiting effects of the other cannabinoids.Regardless of which type you choose, the evidence shows that CBD has the potential to provide support and relief to people with over 100+ health conditions.

Full Spectrum Products



 

Isolate CBD OilsAll CBD OilsAll CBD products

New Research for cannabinoid combinations

Research has shown that full spectrum cannabinoids can provide relief to numerous health conditions. As stated above, existing research has demonstrated that CBD has the potential to help with seizures, pain, mood, anxiety, inflammation, appetite, sleep and more. But the research continues to grow and expand. Below are some studies on the benefits of cannabinoids combinations that have been featured in new 2019 research and are subjects for additional research:

Written by:

Sean Cope

Sean is a CBD expert and employee at Daddy Burt Hemp Co. He graduated from the University of Michigan with a double major in Communications and American Culture in 2014 and has also worked in a variety of marketing positions. Sean currently specializes in educating people about the benefits of CBD through writing articles that are supported by scientific evidence. He has spent countless hours reviewing medical and scientific studies about cannabidiol and writing about them so that others can understand. Sean is a contributor for Nutritional Outlook Magazine and has been featured on Analytical Cannabis, Dayton.com, Cincinnati.com and many more.Sean wants to highlight the following Daddy Burt article: CBD for Addiction

Reviewed by:

Bob Estes

Bob is the founder and CEO of Daddy Burt Hemp Co. Bob has quickly become an authority and expert in the hemp & CBD industry. He originally developed an interest in science and engineering and received a degree in Industrial Engineering, which led him to a career in the nation’s space program. Bob worked for several aerospace companies supporting the space launch for NASA and the Department of Defense. Since Hemp farming has been revitalized in America over the last decade, his family legacy has called to him. Daddy Burt Hemp Co. is the rekindling of Bob's family's hemp farming legacy, dating back to the early 1800s.Bob has been profiled by Smiley Pete Publishing and has been featured in articles about CBD/Hemp on Forbes.com, Kentucky.com, MiamiHerald.com, NewsObserver.com and many more.

Sign up for our newsletter:

Subscribe for Daddy Burt’s newsletter for alerts on future deals & announcements.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

further reading

Feb. 26th, 2019

How To Take CBD

The variety of options for taking CBD can be confusing. To help figure out the best way for you, we’ve put together a helpful guide. This guide covers important topics that will be valuable for new and experienced CBD users.

SEE MORE

Uses & Benefits of CBD

In this helpful guide, we will discuss the effects & benefits of CBD. We will also explore the scientific and medical evidence supporting the uses of CBD for health and wellness. You can continue learning about the benefits of CBD with additional deep-dive articles for 20+ specific health conditions.

SEE MORE

Mar. 1st, 2019

CBD For Back Pain

Back pain is one of the most common health conditions. Not only can it be challenging to exercise and do other physically demanding activities, but you may also have difficulty with everyday functional movements, like getting up from a chair or reaching up to grab items from a cupboard. If you’re not at the point […]

SEE MORE

Jun. 20th, 2019

CBD for Peripheral Neuropathy

For those who have experienced neuropathy, they know the toll it can take on their daily lives. An intense pain with seemingly unrelated causes that is difficult to manage is typical of the disease. Patients suffering from the condition often seek relief, only to receive opioid pain medications like Vicodin. While pharmaceutical/conventional medications can be […]

SEE MORE

CBD For Stomach & Gastrointestinal Issues

GI issues, Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), and Celiacs disease have all made talking about gut health a popular health topic in conversations. At the same time, another rising topic that is getting significant exposure is CBD (Cannabidiol). But, is there any crossover between these two topics? Yes, over the last few years there has been […]

SEE MORE

Aug. 13th, 2019

CBD for Skincare & Skin Health

People in the beauty and wellness world are talking about CBD. CBD skincare products are showing up on display shelves all over the United States. Some of these products talk about CBD as a must-have for skincare. But, is there actual evidence to back the claims made about CBD for skin health and medical skin […]

SEE MORE

Jun. 10th, 2019

CBD for Addiction – Can CBD Help The Addiction Epidemic?

Drug addiction is an increasingly common and serious problem around the country. A survey by the Pew Research Center1 shows that most Americans believe that addiction is a pressing issue in their community. This concern comes amid the increasing rate of drug-related deaths in recent years. According to statistical data2 from the National Institute on […]

SEE MORE

Mar. 25th, 2019

How Does CBD Work In The Body?

Cannabidiol – more commonly known as CBD – has become popular as more and more people are trying it for potential wellness benefits. In this article, we will highlight the major ways CBD interacts with the body and brain and how it can be beneficial for your overall well-being.   Basics of how CBD works […]

SEE MORE

Jun. 27th, 2019

Where To Buy CBD

Where can I buy CBD near me? How do I differentiate between high-quality and low-quality products? What should I look for before making a purchase? This article is designed to answer all of your questions about where to buy CBD and what you need to know to purchase high-quality and effective CBD products.

SEE MORE